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Cognitive Surplus, Feedback And Social Capital

Clay Shriky begins his treatise on the promise of the rise of participatory culture on the Internet, Cognitive Surplus, with the news that young people, for the first time, are watching less television than their elders. The jaded response is “So what? They are still watching screens–computer screens or video games on a flat screen.”

But Shirky argues there is a qualitative difference. Young people are engaging in more interactive pastimes, posting comments and photos on a social media site, or playing on-line multi-player games. This new interactivity comes at a time when traditional sources of interaction, or “social capital” such as participation in fraternal organizations or even bowling leagues is shrinking. Shirky argues this new communal interaction is no less than a revolution.

Not only are young people engaging in the new media, but a recent Pew report cited by the New York Times finds impressive gains in use of social networks among the elderly as well. According to Wayne, “(a)dults 74 and older who are online quadrupled their social networking presence”

Why Spend Time Creating New Media?

A major reason people now spend time creating new media is because they can. The opportunity now exists which did not exist in the past. With the help of buying Instagram Likes from this website, you can certainly ensure that it is now easier and the opportunity is there. You no longer have to look for followers for your social media account when you can buy them. This is ideal for business owners who have social media network presence. This will help them grow their audience and as a result, more buyers will come. The world is more and more interconnected by computers; not, as Shirky notes, that older generations would not have created using social media, it is that they simply could not. Now the opportunity exists. Shriky notes four elements: community, cost, clarity and culture involved in sharing knowledge. The Internet provides all four.

We all do things for rewards, such as working to earn a paycheck; or to avoid pain, such as taking time to get our car maintained, but our “third drive” according to David Pink, is to do something just because it is interesting. This internal drive or “intrinsic motivation” is behind much participation in the new media. Why take time to share a funny video, or to create one? The motivation is pure enjoyment, stoking feelings of competence and autonomy.

A good example of this intrinsic motivation is found in one person’s response to Shirky’s observations about the amount of time spent watching television versus the amount of time spent constructing Wikipedia. The person created a visual representation of the great disparity. The visual is posted on-line. This participatory spirit excites Shirky who prophesies wondrous political and cultural outcomes from the new media.

The Personal is Political

The ability of people to come together over the Internet to support, research, and champion an infinite number of interests lends itself to political action. Shirky retells the story of the protests against American beef imports in South Korea as a prime example.

Fueled in part by the concern and participation of girls too young to vote who had an interest in a boy band’s website, the public rallies resulted in not only a reworking of rules regarding the import of beef, but also triggered the replacement of the entire South Korean cabinet. A few young women posting concerns about Mad Cow on a public website grew into an effective ad hoc movement.

The seeming purity of such web-based political actions underlies their appeal. The lack of paid organizers, profit motives, and slick campaigning seems to touch many people who would otherwise remain inactive. A feeling of belonging intrinsically rewards those who participate. It turns out people like to feel generous, and contributing to on-line efforts puts that opportunity at their fingertips.

Feedback Loops

One of the features of new social media is how easy it is to build upon the work of another, to make a work a truly communal effort. Humans, research shows, assume that interactions have a social component. That is why the experiment called “The Ultimate Game” fails to find purely economically rational behavior when faced with an economic exchange. As social beings, we unconsciously expect feedback. The new media, however, gives us the opportunity to exchange ideas with others all over the planet in real time. .

An excellent example of a small scale feedback loop can be found on a website where Shriky’s comparison of television hours verses hours spent editing Wikipedia is illustrated by an amateur graphic artist. The artist’s original illustration is followed by multiple comments on both the topic in general and the illustration itself. Suggestions about how the graphic might be more accurate are generously posted. Multiply that interaction over and over again and it is easy to see how something truly unique and communal is generated through the use of social media. Large scale projects like the development of free software like Apache are cited by Shirk.

Criticism of Cognitive Surplus

Not everyone sees the rise in voluntary activity primarily for intrinsic rewards, like feelings of competence, autonomy, generosity and belonging as a positive thing. As one writer on the Information is Beautiful website complains, “Is the point you are encouraging here that people should be spending 100% of their time working and none of it consuming? Isn’t that simply capitalism without the benefit?”

As Shriky himself notes, much of what has been discovered about social media defies our traditional cost-benefit mindset, which is why it is exciting, and surprising. Like the Ultimate Game experiment, we find we are not purely rational beings, but ones primed for social interaction. After years of passive television consumption, the Internet gives us the ability to work communally, for our own intrinsic enjoyment.

Avoid These Bankruptcy Signs

You should be mindful of your financial well-being at all times. Who could ever think that spending $10 here, and another $20 there can hurt anyone. But the truth of the matter is if you don’t budget for these “little” expenses, they will eventually add up to become a bigger expense and debt in your life. You would never think that one little purchase/misstep can force you into bankruptcy, but if you keep ignoring and give no importance to how you are managing your money, bankruptcy can come upon you quicker than you can imagine. If you find yourself in any of the situations below, you might be staring into the face of bankruptcy in the near future:

You are living paycheck to paycheck, hence no savings

Saving a percentage of your income should be your number 1 goal when you started earning a living. Having a little bit of money saved for the rainy day is important for anyone, not just for the poor or medium income earners. What if you get laid off from your job? Where would you have the money to support yourself? Your only option if you do not have any savings is to use the credit card for survival. The problem with using credit card is that the debt accumulates rather quickly. It is easy to lose yourself financially using the credit card. One day you might have to find yourself a bankruptcy lawyer.

The terms of your mortgage are just mumbo jumbo to you

Prior to signing your mortgage documents, read it cautiously and know all the terms and conditions of the mortgage and how the additional expense will impact your life. Is your loan a fixed rate loan, an adjustable rate mortgage (also known as ARM), a zero interest loan, is there an early repayment penalty? All these are crucial information you will need in order to budget your money accordingly. If you fail to understand the terms and conditions of your mortgage loan, you might over-extend yourself. One day you might find yourself with a much bigger mortgage payment, and without any real savings, you are again looking at the chance of filing for bankruptcy protection. Experienced Bankruptcy Attorneys in San Diego will provide proper protection to the person to get the interest. The credit statement should be furnished to the person.

One day you are surprised by a large credit card statement

Everyone has easy access to the credit cards which can present a big issue if you do not manage your spending carefully. Think twice about buying that new iPhone by charging everything on your credit card and make sure you can afford it in the budget. Before purchasing something using the credit card, ask yourself if you have accounted for it in the budget, or if you can hold off making this purchase. Do not get into the habit of buying something on the “whim”. Most of the time if you are an impulse buyer, whatever you are buying normally isn’t what you need. Purchasing what you don’t need is not necessary bad, but it can cause you to have more debt when you cannot afford the purchase initially already. Once again, if you cannot pay off the debt, it is another case where you will be looking at bankruptcy protection.

You need to use cash advance or payday loan to get through the month

Payday loan and cash advance from credit cards can solve your temporary cash insolvency problem, but it should not be used to fund any big purchases on the “whim”. If you do not take care of your finances by not using cash advance or payday loan, you might just have to face bankruptcy at a later point in your life.

You will transfer the balance of one credit card to another

Credit card companies are forever promoting balance transfer checks for low interest rate with extended period of time to pay it off. Don’t get into the habit of doing this. If you find yourself with a lot of options to move your debt around, you will also find a way to finance something you don’t really need. Do not get fool by the credit card companies with the teaser interest rate for doing a balance transfer. The teaser rate is only temporary and once it resets, you will still have to pay the high interest as previously. This debt will never go away if you keep doing the balance transfer between accounts. This situation can become worst if you accumulate more debt along the way, hence forcing you into bankruptcy filing.

Try to be smart about your money, make a budget that you can live with and stick to it. So long as you can stick to the budget you have set for yourself, you should not incur so much debt that you have to seek for bankruptcy protection. Do not think that bankruptcy can solve all of your problems, it can relieve you of your debt, but it will also come with its own headaches too.

Ken Follett: More Than a Spinner Of Spy Stories

Ken Follett is a British writer who, for a number of years, turned out spy thrillers that ranged from so-so to not bad. I have read most of them and consider the best of the lot to be Jackdaws. I was somewhat disappointed with his best-known work in this genre, Eye of the Needle, but maybe that is because I backtracked to his spy stories after I had read most of his recent stuff. I guess if espionage thrillers (which, pretty much, are set in the time of World War II) are the kind of thing you go for, he is an author you might like to read. But then, if you are a fan of spy fiction, you probably know that already.

On the other hand, even if you are afflicted with the inability to care less about the world of espionage, you will very probably appreciate the stuff he has written since he broadened his horizons.

In 1993, Follett published an excellent novel of mystery and intrigue, set in Victorian England, called A Dangerous Fortune. He followed that with his compelling 1995 novel, A Place Called Freedom. That one is set in both the British Isles and America in the days of British colonization. As compelling as the 1993 book was, the one that came out two years later was even more so. That said, they were at least books you could put down from time to time if you had something else to do. The two books Follett wrote just before them and after them were almost impossible for me to set aside, once I got started, and they are both long books. They are, without question, the two best books I have read this millennium and would easily fit into the top five novels I have ever read, period.

Let me provide a little background. A few Christmases ago, my best-friend-in-law (best friend’s wife, with whom I actually am good friends) sent me this book by Ken Follett, whom I had never read, but knew as someone who cranked out spy stories. The book was called The Pillars of the Earth. It had been out for some time (1989) but, apparently, her book club had discovered it earlier that year, and she figured I might like it.

I wasn’t sure I would. It didn’t seem to be about anything I’d be interested in (architecture?), but, I had learned by that time, not to let such a thing get in the way of a possible good read. One year she sent me this book called Seabiscuit. From horse racing, I knew nothing, yet I found the book to be one of the best biographies I have ever read…and it was about a horse.

On another Christmas she sent me a novel by some fellow named Carl Hiaasen, concerning some goings on somewhere in Florida-a place about which, if I had the aft portion of a rat to donate, I wouldn’t bother. And, again, it was excellent, to the extent that I have since read just about every novel that author wrote.

I think you get the picture. I was willing to give this latest thing a go…but, jeez, it looked awfully long.

The Pillars of the Earth is set in twelfth-century England, mostly during the time known as “The Anarchy.” That condition came about, as those things often did in that time, because there was no direct male heir to the throne of King Henry I. King Henry did have two legitimate children, one of whom was male: William. The son, as well as the king’s two bastard sons and a number of nobles, drowned in the White Ship Disaster of 1125. That is noted at the beginning of Follett’s book, and it actually did happen. As a result, there were two possible heirs left: the king’s daughter, Maude (as she is known in the book, but who was also called Matilda) and her cousin, Stephen. Because a great many people were not yet ready to accept a queen regent (having completely forgotten about Queen Boadicia, presumably), the people of the land were divided about whether to accept Maud or Stephen as their rightful monarch, and a low-key civil war ensued. That situation is not the predominant theme of the story, to be sure, but it is an inescapable part of it.

I bring up the White Ship disaster, because the story effectively begins with a hanging and ends with another. You will never fully understand the reason for the first hanging unless you remain aware of the shipwreck. What is more, that first hanging is a lynchpin for most of what follows in this very long, but completely captivating story.

Another true event, the murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket, also figures into the story and has a great deal to do with the final hanging.

There is one other important hanging involved, here: me, leaving you, the putative reader, hanging in suspense. When I read the book, the surprises and plot-twists hit me like so many thunderclaps. I do not want to deny you the same experience by spilling so much as one more bean. No word of who the good people and the bad people are; no inclination of who lives and who dies; nothing about who gets just desserts and who is swindled by cruel fate: read the book. Yes, it is 983 pages long (At any rate, my paperback edition is.), but you need to find the time. You will be very glad that you did.

It took eighteen years, but Ken Follett finally wrote a sequel to The Pillars of the Earth. It is called World Without End, and it is almost as good as its predecessor. And, when I say “almost, I mean it is roughly a thousandth of a micrometer away from being every bit as good.

On the other hand, you have probably heard enough about Ken Follett and his books for now. Read this one, and we’ll talk about the sequel some other time.

To sum up, Ken Follett is not the only expert on spy stories as this interesting link  might prove as it is about an expert in the branch of spying as a study where you can go through some interesting points given by her during her research to enhance your knowledge.

4 Biggest Misconceptions About Hemp Oil And CBD Oil

CBD and THC are one of the heated conversations across the globe. With several studies and research about these products, a lot of claims are coming from different directions. However, there are some facts that have been proven already. Hence, those misconceptions about THC and CBD must now be corrected. This article is written to educate its readers about the main misconceptions about CBD and THC. So here are some of the biggest myths about hemp oiu and CBD oil debunked. Knowing these will allow you to be informed and educated about these products so you can make wise and better decisions about it. 

Cannabis makes you high

This is one of the biggest misconceptions about CBD oil. According to studies and research, CBD and hemp oil do not contain any element or substance that make people high. But what people might experience is just an endocannabinoid system introduction. This is the same with what people experience or feel when the endocannabinoid system is triggered by the cannabinoids produced by our body. Simply explained, CBD is definitely safe to take and it doesn’t have any psychoactive chemicals. This is also the reason why it is legalized in some countries.

Cannabis are not safe

This is another misconception that must be corrected. It is not possible for you to get overdose on hemp oil or even CBD. This is because your body already produces cannabis-like molecule in a natural way. Such system keeps your body’s homeostasis in response to changes in the environment. The thing is that there are several plants that produce cannabinoids such as chocolate and pine trees. However, cannabis is the only compound that ahs the ability to priced it with our body. As such, as we use cannabis products, it mimics our endocannabinoids and enhance their effects. Also, science has already stated that CBD doesn’t have any toxic chemicals on it.

THC will show in a drug test

As stated earlier, CBD oil and hemp oil do not have THC concentrations. The highest possible measurement would be 0.3 percent which is not enough to trigger a positive drug result.  While it is true that CBD is considered as psychoactive just like orange juice and coffee, which may cause some alterations in your mood, CBD doesn’t contain any psychotoxic chemicals or elements. This means that it will not cause any damage or harm to our mind, behavior or even personality. 

CBD and THC are the same

Definitely, CBD and THC are not the same and they are not identical at all/ They have different forms and compound. Hemp oil is a pure extract of the entire hemp plant. This includes all the types of cannabinoid such as CBG, CBD, CBC, CBN, plus flavonoids, terpenes and 0.3% THC. On the other hand, CBD oil only contains cannabinoid alone. For you to learn more about CBD and THC products, you can visit This website educates people about CBD and also offers some reliable products.. 

The Principles of Batch Process Program Development

The echo is statement is something that is used unconditionally in almost every language and cognate of computer programming. It has been used for millions of purposes over the last 60 years and will likely continue into the future as the universal display command. When a statement is “echoed”, it is displayed publicly. This can be used to create user-interfaces, display vital messages, write new files, amend existing files or anything that you can think of that involves conveying a message to a user. So let’s go over some of the most basic functions of an ECHO statement for the Windows command-line terminal.

Displaying a message publicly. ECHO statements are mainly used to display messages or gather information from users. This is a process that is known in the computing world as interfacing. An interface is the communication between any two agents (in this case you and the computer program) in a computing environment (the computer). When interfacing, an ECHO statement is used to keep an exchange between a human and a machine minimally communicative, meaning; as simple for the human as possible. This greatly reduces the amount of coding that a human sees which will add security and functionality to any script.

To utilize a simple display message in the Windows command-line terminal, simply type the ECHO command, followed by the message that you would like displayed. For example:

ECHO Hello, World!

This command line would display the message ‘Hello, World!’ to a user. It is not necessary to put quotes or parenthesizes around the message like most other programming languages require, because the Windows command-line utility reads the command first (other programs will read the message first).

Preempting certain specific characters. It is also important to note that, though the Windows command-line terminal is able to ECHO every character on a keyboard, that preempting specifically unusual characters or characters that are used to represent other purposes is occasionally required. To preempt these characters, simply place a carrot in front of them like this: All the principles of the wavemaker for the development can be checked at There should be use of simple terms and language to guiding the person regarding the development of the enterprise. 

ECHO This is an unusual character ^/

In this case, the “/” was the unusual character, and for the terminal to display it correctly, we needed to put the “^” in front of it. When the terminal does interpret a character in such a way, it will notify you, the programmer, that either ‘That character was unexpected at this time’ or ‘ The syntax of this command is incorrect’. This means that the terminal has identified an initial command function, and has ceased all other operations, meaning simply, the “/” commanded the terminal to end the operation and search for another command. In the above example, a user would have seen the following message:

ECHO This is an unusual character /

The “^” symbol, in this case, would not effect the outcome of the displayed message, but rather enable the terminal to display the “/” without issue.

The ECHO command is likely something (depending upon your purposes, of course) that you will use a great deal. It is highly versatile and extremely easy to implement making it ideal for new and advanced programmers alike. We will go on to discuss several advanced implementations of this command, including user-interfaces and exporting command-lines out to files using ECHO cognates in the future. For now though, keep experimenting with basic ECHO implementations and practicing all else! Have fun, and happy programming!

Thanks for reading, and don’t forget to continue on to learn more about command-line and batch process programming by referring to The Principles of Batch Process Program Development series!

Ranking The Friday The 13th Horror Movies From Top To Bottom

WIth the release of the new Friday the 13th remake at the theaters, I thought it might be fun to look back at the previous series. The series has stinkers and also wonderful parts throughout, and I have ranked them in the order that I enjoyed them. Each ranking includes a basic synopsis, and why they were good or bad. No real spoilers here, just basic ideas. How would you rank these Friday the 13th Classics?

1 – Friday the 13th, Part 2

Now this is the pinnacle of Friday the 13th scares. Old enough to have that grainy feel that makes many horror movies of that day creepy, the movie is the first that actually has Jason as the killer. It is also easily the scariest part of all the Friday the 13th movies. The story is good, the acting is good, and the terror is off the charts. In particular, the last forty five minutes of this movie will scare you to no end. There are so many scares in this movie that it would be a crime to tell you how it ends. If you have not seen this movie, rent it tonight. You will be glad you did.

2 – Friday the 13th, Part VII – The New Blood

Friday the 13th – The New Blood is actually one of the funnest thrill rides in the series. Why? Well, for one we finally get an undeterred view of Jason without the hockey mask. Now that is ugly in a whole new way. Two, Jason gets a run for his money by a young girl with kinetik powers. This leads into some very cool chase scenes and the young girl actually manages to hold her own for a portion of the movie against the indestructible Jason Voorhees. Remarkably, Jason does not lose face (no pun intended) in the match up as the girl is shown to have supernatural powers. The movie is fast paced, and has all the things you want in a Friday the 13th movie.

3 – Friday the 13th, Part VI – Jason Lives

Easily the most sylistic movie in the Friday the 13th series, Jason Lives is a quick paced horror flick that will keep you guessing and jumping from start to finish. The movie uses the camera in innovative ways for the first time in the series, and the movie has a very slick feel to it. The pacing is quick, and certain images will stick with you forever once you have seen them. Jason standing atop a crashed motor home breathing heavily and ready to rock and roll stands out to many. The movie centers around a character, Tommy, from an earlier installment and his obsession with killing Jason for good. Top notch entry into the series.

4 – Friday the 13th

This was the movie that started it all, and for the most part it is a pretty good horror movie. Even though the acting is horrible in parts, and the storyline seems to drag sometimes, the movie is largely considered to be one of the horror flicks that started the eighties horror craze. The movie is wildly popular, and for good reason. Not only does it introduce the wildly famous Jason Voorhees, but it does so without him even being the killer! The movie is must see watching for any Friday the 13th fan, and it sets the table for the horror to come.

5 – Friday the 13th, Part 3

This is one of the most entertaining installments in the whole series if for no other reason than the humor. The movie is actually funny in parts and their is just enough spook and gore to keep it true to the horror genre. Jason hacks and sacks the counselors in a number of creative ways and even does it in 3-D. Though the movie is fun to watch, it is still just above average overall. If you take out the hokey 3-D graphics, it surely would have ranked higher. Part 3 is famous primarily because it is where Jason dons the hockey mask for the first time.

6 – Jason X (New Line Platinum Series)

This particular installment of the Friday the 13th series is oddly fun and different in that Jason gets an upgrade straight out of science fiction. The movie centers around Jason being cryogenically frozen and is found and thawed in the year 2455. Aboard a spaceship with all types of characters including a tough as nails female android, Jason hacks his way into the future. While the premise is rather silly, that has never been a problem with Friday the 13th fans. This movie does not disappoint for those that love the series.

7 – Friday the 13th – The Final Chapter

Many lament this particular entry as one of the worst in the series, but I found it to be very fun and enjoyable. It centers around a particular family including a very smart Corey Feldman. (A bit of humor by the producers, there?) The movie does a wonderful job of pulling in all the classic scary moments in the series such as setting, tone, and music. Though it has some very average acting, the movie still does a good job of making the series jump above average. Not every Friday the 13th keeps the tone like this one.

8 – Friday the 13th, Part V – A New Beginning

While this is certainly not the worst of the series, it is also not really one of the best. The movie centers around a group of mentally challenged youngsters and the people that take care of them. Why Jason suddenly decided to attack this group is kind of lost on me, and the movie is not as fast paced as some of the better options. The movie does have some ups however, including a great chase scene that will keep you jumping at the end. The movie is middle of the pack overall when compared to the rest of the series.

9 – Friday the 13th, Part VIII – Jason Takes Manhattan

Not far behind Jason goes to Hell as far as stupidity, this one should never have been made. The difference here is that they do a decent job of keeping the tension level high and spooky. Unfortunately, the movie is based largely on a cruise ship, and then on to New York City. Yes, New York City. That said, Crystal Lake was the missing portion of the movie during the bulk of it. Something about Jason in New York is simply funny, not scary. A very mediocre sample of Friday the 13th lore.

10 – Jason Goes to Hell

Without a doubt, this is the worst Friday the 13th of them all. In this particular installment, Jason is relegated to being only in spirit. That is, he takes over a series of host bodies to do his bidding. That said, the lack of Jason presence in the movie utterly kills any chance that the movie would do well. The idea of Jason is only scary if it is the hockey masked, hulking, never say die Jason. Not some stranger who is possessed by Jason. Definately a stinker.

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String Trimmers- Handling Weeds to Perfection

There is an important section that defines the aspect of cleanliness but very few people seem to follow it with sincerity as most of them are lazy by nature and want things done the easy way.

Given the current corona virus outbreak, people all over the world are now confined to their homes and can’t do much except wait for it to get over in order to get back to their jobs.

As such, this is a good opportunity to keep your garden tidy so that it is nice to look at and will also be a good exercise to practice during the lockdown period as it will keep your limbs active.

Whipper Snipper

The gardens and lawns are the first place to begin the cleaning process and the best tool that comes in handy is the string trimmer, which is used to cut off the overgrown grass so that it looks a bit better and happening.

This process is similar to a haircut where you just need to get rid of the overgrown hair to look more handsome. String trimmers are of different models which are utilized by farmers and homeowners to the hilt.

These trimmers are quite similar to lawn mowers and provide much better output than their more erstwhile counterparts due to their versatility like for example they can easily cut through weeds and rough grass with such subtlety that is virtually impossible for a lawn mower.

For this reason, they are also called whipper snippers, alongwith many different monikers like weed whip, line trimmers, brush cutters and so many others that one might right an entire book on it.

Cultural Impact

String Trimmers are more updated versions of lawn mowers whose origin dates way back to the 1970s when they were invented by George Ballas, who got the idea of making this machine by observing the wipers of different vehicles and he chose to turn his dream into a reality at a car wash station.

He observed the wipers cleaning the windows carefully and it flashed through his mind that here is an excellent process which will make gardening much easier by reducing the burden and work level of farmers and gardeners.

He then went back home and started working on his idea and within a few days, he made a makeshift trimmer by taking a fishing rod from which he cut the line with a pair of scissors and started attaching the pieces to a rusted tin can and fixed it with a lawn edger from his garage.

It was Ballas who first coined it as the ‘weed eater’ due to its fast pace and started enjoying gardening and lawn mowing immensely than he ever did as he was thrilled by this new invention of his.

Soon, the word spread far and wide and string trimmers became the talk of the town as everybody started utilizing it in their lawns and found that they were able to finish their jobs quicker than usual.

It had such a strong cultural impact that trimmers continue to be used to this day with different versions of updated models that have versatile features like gas trimmers, battery operated trimmers and electric trimmers that could easily be confused for mowers.

Proper Maintenance

It can be seen how significant the string trimmers are in your lives and therefore it is your duty to take good care of it so that they lost for atleast a few years so you need to consider some important points.

Whether it is gas or battery trimmers, all require proper maintenance so that they function flawlessly without any technical glitches so make sure that you have the best strings for weed eaters.

Maintaining can be done through the following:

  • Before you start the machine, let it warm up for nearly half an hour so that the temperature is normal and for gas trimmers, clean up the carburetor
  • Due to constant trimming of grass, the insides get accumulated with debris so clean it each day so as to avoid any mishap or breakedown
  • Gas trimmers have to be powered by new spark plugs after every 100-120 hours
  • For 2 cycle engines, clean up the engine every 200 hours as the combustion chamber is a delicate portion

Pot And Pressure Cooker- Moral Dilemma To Choose One Over The Other

The world is grappling through a very grave pandemic which has shaken the planet down to its very foundation. Never before has anyone all over experienced such a siege atleast in 100 years.

Due to this, everyone is now confined to their house since the past few weeks and the seriousness of this virus can be gauged from the fact that two superpower nations, USA and Italy, having the best medical facilities in the world, are the most affected by this China-originated virus.

While at home, there are many things that can be done to pass the time like watching television, listening to music, etc. but we can also discuss about something different that may have escaped the mind.

Food Aficionado

This is the perfect opportunity for you to polish your culinary skills but first you need to learn about how to cook. Apart from this, your knowledge on different types of cuisine has to be sound and above all, you need to know about cooking utensils like pressure cooker and instant pot, the vessels in which the food is normally cooked and served.

A novice in this field will not have any idea and would normally associate any pot or pan in which he sees food or water being heated as a pressure cooker but that is not the case.

Food lovers are not interested in whether the food they eat is cooked in a pot or pressure cooker if it satisfies their hunger but if you want to learn cooking, this is a nice place to begin with.

Therefore, we will analyze both of them one by one and this comparison is not to show one up on the other but simply for other people to choose their utensil on the basis of preference.

Instant Pot

It is basically defined as a multi cooker, which is an appliance for automated cooking and is measured with the help of a timer. Being multi cookers, they are electrical in nature and are considered a combination of slow and fast pressure cookers.

Over the years, there have been instant pots of many reputed brands that have churned out non-pressure cookers as well that blend perfectly with their counterparts along with rice cookers as well.

Instant pots have different benefits like the ability to cook frozen meat at a faster pace and increasing the flavor of the food by steaming it in the right amount of time and quite fast in nature.


  • It is made of stainless steel and therefore repels dirt in an instant
  • It is quite versatile in nature as its built in sauté function helps in heating vegetables and meat of the exact quantity into it
  • The food that is cooked does not get cold as the ‘keep warm’ option keeps it warm and pleasant


  • Sometimes it does not live up to its name as the pot takes time to pressurize and cook as the steam has to be captured at 210 F which takes at least an hour
  • Despite the food being healthy, it can kill off the nutritional content and minerals in it
  • Due to its bulky frame, it takes a lot of time to clean it up in its entirety

Pressure Cooker

When the food is being cooked in a utensil with high temperature and pressure, then it can be termed as a pressure cooker, which is the most common vessel used for cooking food all over the world.

It is done so to limit down the boiling point and can tolerate temperatures as high as 100-140 degree Celsius.


  • It does not kill the nutrients and minerals of the healthy food being cooked
  • It cooks food about half an hour early
  • As the heat is locked in the pot, the kitchen will remain cooler and come to no harm


  • You cannot cook too many items at the same time as different types of vegetables and items cook quickly or slowly depending on their size
  • You cannot monitor the progress you have made
  • Once the food is placed inside, you cannot adjust or replace it

The argument above was not to stir up an Instant Pot Vs Pressure cooker debate, but simply to help first time cooks select their utensils for cooking.

4 tell-tale signs your water filter requires replacement

Timely replacement of your water filter is as much crucial as the installation of a filter for safe water at home. Every filter comes with a finite lifetime which could be something around 12 months. Some advanced versions like those infused with carbon filters would last for 24 months. For example, as per propur water filter review, propurfilters are equipped with carbon filters and hence would last longer. But irrespective of the filter you choose, it will have an expiry date and nothing is worse than a non-functional filter. Put simply, you will have to make sure to replace your old filter with a new one right on time to ensure safe water for your family.

But, how to locate the right time for replacement? Well, there are some tell-tale signs that will tell you it’s about time your filter might need a replacement.

Gradual drop in overall water pressure

Have you noticed a sudden drop in water pressure lately? Well, if this is the case, then there could be something wrong with your filter. The most viable reason is the filter has got clogged which has plummeted water pressure. So, check your filter and if it is actually clogged, you will need to replace it the earliest possible. Now, if you are down with a clogged filter, please do not try to unclog it yourself. It’s a plumbing complication and you should rather call up your plumber to take care of the situation.

Weird noises from faucet or drain

This sign is particularly applicable for Reverse Osmosis water filter. Now, you might hear odd noises from drains or faucets immediately after you install the filter in your home. Don’t worry, that’s perfectly normal. But, if you start getting such strange noises for a longer period of time, there is certainly something wrong with the filter itself. It’s likely the filter is malfunctioning. In that case, you will have to go for a quick replacement.

Foul taste in water 

Now, this is one of the most prominent signs of a filter past its prime. Does your filtered water taste strange these days- like really foul? It could be because of salt or metal in water. One of the primary tasks of a water filter is to remove unwanted salt and heavy metal from water. If you find presence of these unwanted substances in water it only means that your filter isn’t working and requires immediate replacement.


Turbidity in water refers to cloudy water. Check your water glass in bright light. If it appears to be cloudy, it means the water is not clean and contains pollutants. When you have to face such scenarios despite having a water filter, it’s time for replacement.

Final words

All the points mentioned above are vital signs of filter replacement. Additionally, you should be careful of the water usage guide given by the manufacturer with your filter. Every filter comes with guidelines on water usage. Your filter will be healthy if you stay within the stated limit. But, if you exceed the specified guidelines, your filter would be badly affected and would need an emergency replacement.

7 Effective Workouts For A Slim Waist

Everyone these days wants a flat belly and a slim waist which is why they look for different ways through which they can reduce their belly fat and get a slimmer waist. You might have seen people trying waist training along with different workout equipment so that they can get in shape as soon as they can.

Keeping all this in mind we are here with some of the best tips that you can follow in order to get a slim waist as quickly as possible. With the help of these easy workouts, you can get an amazingly flat belly and waist.

  • Oblique “V” crunch

Oblique “V” crunch is a really great exercise that you can try when it comes to training your obliques and abdomen. You start this exercise by lying down on your yoga mat on your right side. After that will pile up your legs on top of each other and you keeping your left hand behind your ear.

As you form a V shape with your legs while raising them up and by bringing your torso near them. While doing so you can support yourself with the help of your right hand. Once you are done you can slowly get yourself back to the yoga mat and repeat the same process 7 to 8 times for each side.

  • Heel Touchers

This is another really great exercise for your abdomen and oblique muscles. You start by lying down on your yoga mat and bend your knees by placing them slightly wider than that width of your shoulders. Now you extend your arms while your palms facing in.

You start this workout by exhaling and crunching your torse to the left as you touch your heel with your hand. As you touch your heel you can stay in that position for a second and move to the other side. Once you are done with both sides you should slowly return to your initial position. You can repeat the same process for 30 seconds for each side.

  • Triangle crunch

Triangle crunch is another really popular exercise that you can include in your workout as you train your obliques out. In this exercise, you kneel on your left knee while supporting yourself with your left hand. Thereafter, you can extend your right leg while placing your right hand behind your head.
Thereafter, you can bring your right leg and right elbow and crunch. As you do this exercise you can hold your position for a few seconds in the air and repeat the same process about 30 times for each side.

  • Ordinary forearm plank

You must be familiar with Ordinary forearm plank which is a really common and popular exercise when it comes to training for a flat belly. By placing your forearms on the yoga mat and aligning your elbows below the shoulder you start with this exercise. Once you are in this position you can keep your arms parallel to your body.
You can correct the position of your neck and spine by looking at a spot and after maintaining this position for about 20-30 second you can slowly get back to a relaxed position.

  • Starfish crunch

When it comes to sculpting your core you have Starfish crunch which is an amazing exercise that you can try. As you lie down on your yoga mat by making a position just like an “X”. Thereafter, you can lift your shoulders along with your upper body as you touch your elbows with your knees. Once you are in this position you can hold this position for about 20-30 seconds and come back to the initial position. You can repeat this same exercise 20 times.

  • Standing cross-crunches

With Standing cross-crunches you focus on your abs, hip flexors, and your obliques. With the help of this amazing exercise, you can get a flat and burn your thigh fat as well.
You start by placing your hands on your head and keeping your legs a foot apart. Now you start bending your right hand and move your knee towards the left elbow. While doing this, you also need to rotate your torso to make your elbow touch your knee. Once you are done you can repeat this 30 times.

  • Side jackknives

With the help of Side jackknives, you can improve your abs, glutes, hip flexors, and obliques. You start by stacking your feet in the air as you lie down on your yoga mat. Once you are in this position you can place your right hand on the side and place your left arm behind your head. Meanwhile, you can raise your upper body, with the help of your right elbow. You need to hold this position for a few seconds and return to your original position slowly. You can repeat this process for about 10 to 15 times for each side.

These are the 7 effective yet easy exercises that you can try as you start with your wasit training regime.